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Einfluss von funktionsgymnastische Übungen auf das Aktivierungsmuster der Bauch- und Rückenmuskulatur

Stevens VK, Coorevits PL, Bouche KG, Mahieu NN, Vanderstraeten GG, Danneels LA. The influence of specific training on trunc muscle recruitment patterns in healthy subjects during stabilization exercises. Manual Therapy 2007; 12 : 271-279

http://www.manualtherapyjournal.com/article/S1356-689X(06)00113-5/abstract

Abstract

Low back pain is a major problem involving high medical costs, therefore effective prevention strategies are essential. Stabilization exercises seem to facilitate the neuromuscular control of the lumbar spine and may be useful in prevention programs. To investigate whether specific lumbar stabilization training has an effect on muscle recruitment patterns in a healthy population, in the present study 30 subjects were recruited to perform two types of testing exercises, i.e. bridging exercises and exercises in four-point kneeling, both before and after training. Surface electromyographic data of different abdominal and back muscles were obtained. After training, analysis of the relative muscle activity levels (percentage of maximal voluntary isometric contraction) showed a higher activity of the local (segmental-stabilizing) abdominal muscles, but not of the local back muscles; minimal changes in global (torque-producing) muscle activity also occurred. Analysis of the local/global relative muscle activity ratios revealed higher ratios during all exercises after training, although not all differences were significant. These results indicate that muscle recruitment patterns can be changed in healthy subjects by means of a training program that focuses on neuromuscular control. Additional studies are needed to evaluate this type of training as a prevention strategy.

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