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Kuukkanen T, Mälkiä E. Muscular performance after a 3 month progressive physical exercise program and 9 month follow-up in subjects with low back pain. A controlled study. Scand J Med Sci Sports 1996;6;112-121. Munksgaard, 1996

Muscular performance after a 3 month progressive physical exercise program and 9 month follow-up in subjects with low back pain. A controlled study.

Kuukkanen T, Mälkiä E. Muscular performance after a 3 month progressive physical exercise program and 9 month follow-up in subjects with low back pain. A controlled study.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 1996;6;112-121. Munksgaard, 1996

The purpose of this study was to assess, in subjects with low back pain, the changes and their permanence in muscular performance after a 3 month progressive physical exercise program. Ninety subjects with chronic low back pain participated in the study. The study design was controlled and it was carried out in three groups: intensive training, home exercise, and control group. Isometric and dynamic muscle strength of the trunk and lower limb were measured, at the beginning of the study and after the 3 months exercise program, and then during each of the follow-up sessions. The Oswestry Index and back pain intensity were also determined. Both exercise groups received benefit from the progressive exercise program. Their muscular performance improved and their back pain intensity decreased significantly. Among the home exercise group, the Oswestry Index also changed positively. The results demonstrate that the home exercise program could be as effective as the intensive training program in increasing muscle strength, as well as decreasing back pain and functional disability among low back pain patients with mild functional limitations.

T.Kuukkanen, E. Mälkia - Central Finland College of Health, Jyväskylä, Finland, Department of Health Sciences University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Key words: back pain; muscle strength; muscular performance; physical exercise
Tina Kuukkanen, Central Finland College of Health, Keskussairaalantie 21, 40620 Jyväskylä, Finland
Accepted for publication November 24, 1995

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